Elsewhere in 1923

January 1–7 – In a violent, racially motivated attack, at least 8 people are killed, and the town of Rosewood, Florida is abandoned and destroyed.

January 1–7 – In a violent, racially motivated attack, at least 8 people are killed, and the town of Rosewood, Florida is abandoned and destroyed.

January 9 – Lithuania begins the Klaipėda Revolt, to annex the Klaipėda Region (Memel Territory).

January 11 – Despite strong British protests, troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area, to force Germany to make reparations payments.

January 17 – Juan de la Cierva invents the autogyro, a rotary-winged aircraft with an unpowered rotor.

March 3 – The first issue of Time Magazine is published. Retired U.S. Speaker of the House Joseph G. Cannon appears on the cover.

March 9 – Vladimir Lenin suffers his third stroke, which renders him bedridden and unable to speak. Consequently he retires from his position as Chairman of the Soviet government.

April 18 – Yankee Stadium opens its doors, as the home park of the New York Yankees baseball team.

April 26 – Prince Albert, Duke of York (later George VI) marries Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (later Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother) in Westminster Abbey.

April 28 – The original Wembley Stadium opens its doors for the first time to the British public, staging the FA Cup Final between Bolton Wanderers and West Ham United.

May 20 – British Prime Minister Bonar Law resigns, due to ill health. He dies in October.

May 23 – Stanley Baldwin is appointed British Prime Minister.

May 26 – The first 24 Hours of Le Mans motor race is held, and is won by André Lagache and René Léonard.

June 9 – A military coup in Bulgaria ousts prime minister Aleksandar Stamboliyski (he is killed June 14th)

June 13 – President Li Yuanhong of China abandons his residence, because a warlord has commanded forces to surround the mansion and cut off its water and electric supplies.

June 18 – Mount Etna erupts in Italy, making 60,000 homeless.

July 13 – The Hollywood Sign is inaugurated in California (originally reading Hollywoodland)

July 20 – Pancho Villa is assassinated at Hidalgo del Parral, Chihuahua.

July 24 – The Treaty of Lausanne (1923), settling the boundaries of the modern Republic of Turkey, is signed in Switzerland, bringing an end to the Ottoman Empire after 624 years.

August 2 – President Warren G. Harding dies of a heart attack, and is succeeded by Vice President Calvin Coolidge, who becomes the 30th President of the United States.

September 1 – The Great Kantō earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama, killing an estimated 142,807 people

September 13 – Miguel Primo de Rivera siezes power in a military coup in Spain, setting up a dictatorship.

September 17 – A major fire in Berkeley, California, erupts, consuming some 640 structures, including 584 homes in the densely built neighborhoods north of the campus of the University of California.

October 29 – Turkey becomes a republic, following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire; Kemal Atatürk is elected as first president.

November 8 – In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the Bavarian government. Police and troops crush the attempt the next day.

November 15 – Hyperinflation in Germany reaches its height. One US dollar is now worth 4,200,000,000,000 Papiermark. Chancellor Gustav Stresemann abolishes the old currency and replaces it with the Rentenmark.

December 1 – In Italy, the Gleno Dam on the Gleno River, in the Valle di Scalve in the northern province of Bergamo bursts, killing at least 356 people.

December 21 – The Nepal–Britain Treaty is the first to define the international status of Nepal, as an independent sovereign country.

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