More time travel to the earliest days of recorded sound with James Errington, this time joined by Cambridge 105’s own Dave Hammond. This time we go back to 1909 to hear novelty songs about moon-orbiting aeroplanes and juvenile smoking, wildly unpredictable vaudeville routines, “authentic” black music from the deep south played by a former plantation owner, and, not to be missed, the theme tune from the snooker.
Centuries of Sound is an independent podcast without any advertising, and it’s only with the support of my patrons that the show can survive. To download full mixes, get early access to the radio podcast, and a get host of other benefits for $5 (or local equivalent) per month (and yearly payment is also now available) please come to https://patreon.com/centuriesofsound
At Centuries of Sound I am making mixes for every year of recorded sound. The download here is only for the first hour of the mix. For the full nearly 5-hour version please come to centuriesofsound.com to stream, or patreon.com/centuriesofsound for downloads and a host of other bonus materials for just $5 per month. This show would not be possible without my supporters on there, so please consider signing up or sharing this with someone who may be interested.
The man in the middle of this picture is my grandfather. Like most young British men in the year 1941, he was serving in the armed forces. In his case that meant the merchant navy, and the Atlantic convoys during the Battle of The Atlantic. The golden rule of the navy, he would later say, was never to volunteer, but breaking this rule to volunteer for “special work” turned out to be one of the best decisions he ever made. Sent on a goodwill trip to New York and New Jersey shortly after the Pearl Harbor attacks had drawn America into the war, the sailors were surprised to find themselves treated as heroes. Then one memorable night at Radio City Music Hall, they were invited on to the stage by the new singer with Tommy Dorsey’s band, a man so popular that teenage girls (“Bobby soxers” as they would then be called) in the audience screamed as he sang, one Francis Albert Sinatra.
Frank was at this point already, suddenly, the biggest singing star in the USA, topping polls in Billboard and DownBeat magazines, and selling huge amounts of records. Listening to his recordings from this time can instantly tell you why. As much as any singer embarking on an imperial phase, his performances seem not just to be technically and artistically brilliant, but to be utterly effortless, as if he just woke up one morning singing like that. Naturally there was more to his popularity than his voice though. Sinatra would later say that he represented “…the boy in every corner drugstore, the boy who’d gone off drafted to the war” to young women. To many young men, however, this jarred with the fact that he never served himself, despite being the right age. Rumours circulated that Sinatra or unnamed underworld connections had paid a bribe to keep him out of the army, but when files were eventually released it transpired that he was deemed unfit for service for being “not acceptable material from a psychiatric viewpoint” and “emotionally unstable” – quite a contrast to the self-assured artist we think we know.
Sinatra was not, of course, the most exciting musician working in 1941. Not by a long shot. The ridiculous running length of this mix isn’t (I hope) down to sloppiness on my part, it’s because there’s simply too much to fit in here, even after the hour-long Pearl Harbour montage was cut out. 1941 isn’t often held up as one of the best years for music, there aren’t that many hits here for example, but coming at it chronologically it’s obvious that a great bursting and unchaining of creativity is underway. Much of this is from the same people we’ve heard a great deal from in the last few years. Musicians from Duke Ellington, Benny Goodman and Jay McShann’s bands would jam together through the night at Minton’s Playhouse in New York, playing around with complex harmonies, syncopation, chord substitutions. It was music by and for musicians, not intended for the public, and it’s only by the most amazing luck that a single recording, heavily excerpted here, survives. Charlie Christian, electric guitarist in the Benny Goodman Orchestra, here shows himself a good few decades ahead of the curve with solos that seem to invent new genres every minute. Sadly he would be dead before 1942 was out, at the age of 25, but the music he birthed would live on, as “bebop.” Also prefiguring rock and roll we have astonishing jump blues from Lucky Millinder, Sister Rosetta Tharpe, Louis Jordan and Nat King Cole, and from the West coast we have that strange mix of cowboy country and swing jazz then called “Western Swing.” And let’s not even get started on the explosion of Samba music in Brasil. Even strike action helped out here (as it would very much not do in the following years) – ASCAP (The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers) spent most of 1941 in a dispute with radio broadcasters over royalties. As their clients were almost exclusively the white songwriting establishment, the beneficiaries were those of a different race or class, who could now get their songs played on the radio, which then led to more demand for these records to be made.
Musicians in 1941 – no, people in 1941 – were not waiting around for the war to start. They were not putting their lives on hold for the duration. They were playing some of the most original and exciting music we’ve heard so far. In a half-decade of unimaginable horrors, the dampening down of this spark doesn’t rank very high on the list of crimes, but still, it will be a long few years before we can pick up where we left off.
0:00:00 Kunaisho Shikiburyô Gagakuka – Taishikichô Chôshi (Clip from The Maltese Falcon) 0:01:00 Claude Thornhill & His Orchestra – Snowfall (Clip from Ball of Fire) 0:04:01 Louis Jordan – The Green Grass Grows All Around (Clip from Sullivan’s Travels) 0:06:50 Don Byas, Charlie Christian, et al. – Up on Teddy’s Hill (Clip from Review of the Year 1941) 0:10:03 Jay Mcshann & His Orchestra – Swingmatism (Clip from Review of the Year 1941) 0:13:22 Albert Ammons & Pete Johnson – Boogie Woogie Man (Clip from Bulova – world’s first television advertisement) 0:16:03 Carmen Miranda – When I Love, I Love (Clip from Never Give A Sucker An Even Break) 0:18:54 Dinning Sisters – Louisiana Hayride (Clip from Never Give A Sucker An Even Break) 0:21:51 Bob Wills & His Texas Playboys – Twin Guitar Special (Clip from Tea Making Tips) 0:24:36 Lucky Millinder – Big Fat Mama 0:26:55 Lucky Millinder with Sister Rosetta Tharpe – I Want A Tall Skinny Papa (Clip of Winston Churchill – Give Us The Tools)
0:30:12 Billie Holiday – Solitude (Clip from Citizen Kane) 0:34:41 Lil Green – Why Don’t You Do Right (Clip from The Lady Eve) 0:37:35 Ángel D’agostino & Ángel Vargas – El Choclo 0:40:02 Anibal Troilo – Milongeando En El 0:41:56 Ricardo Tanturi – Alberto Castillo – Noches De Colón (Clip from One Foot in Heaven) 0:43:29 Roland Hayes – Xango (Clip from Major Barbara) 0:45:21 Golden Gate Quartet – The Sun Did’nt Shine (Clip from Major Barbara) 0:47:49 Marian Anderson – Crucifixion (Clip from Major Barbara) 0:51:02 Heavenly Gospel Singers – When Was Jesus Born? (Clip from Major Barbara) 0:53:07 The Delta Rhythm Boys – Dry Bones (Clip from Suspicion) 0:56:19 Una Mae Carlisle – Oh I’m Evil (Clip of The German Newsreel) (Clip of 1941-04-27 BBC Winston Churchill – Westward Look The Land Is Bright) 0:58:57 Arthur Rubinstein, Emanuel Feuermann, Jascha Heifetz – Brahms Piano Trio No. 1, Op. 8 (Clips from Review of the Year 1941)
1:02:04 Arthur Askey – Thanks For Dropping In Mr Hess (Clip from Never Give A Sucker An Even Break) 1:03:04 The Andrews Sisters – Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy (Clip from Citizen Kane) 1:05:49 Metronome All-Stars – One O’clock Jump (Clip from Meet John Doe) 1:09:14 Nat King Cole Trio – Hit That Jive, Jack 1:12:04 Bennie Carter Orchestra – Sunday 1:14:47 Charlie Christian, Kenny Clarke, Thelonious Monk et al. – Swing to Bop (Clip from Ball of Fire) 1:20:35 Charlie Christian, Kenny Clarke, Thelonious Monk et al. – Stompin’ at the Savoy (Clip from Never Give A Sucker An Even Break) 1:23:32 Don Byas, Charlie Christian, et al. – Down on Teddy’s Hill (Clip from Never Give A Sucker An Even Break) 1:25:29 Don Byas, Thelonius Monk et al. – Indiana (Clip from The Maltese Falcon) 1:27:35 Don Byas, Helen Humes, Thelonius Monk et al. – Stardust (Clip from Here Comes Mr Jordan)
1:30:31 Duke Ellington – Take The ‘A’ Train (Clip from That Hamilton Woman) 1:33:25 Brownie Mcghee – Death Of Blind Boy Fuller (Clip from Sullivan’s Travels) 1:35:06 Mckinley Morganfield (Muddy Waters) – Country Blues (Clip of The German Newsreel) (Clip from Review of the Year 1941) (Clip from “Interview With Madame X”) 1:38:43 Al Bowlly & Jimmy Messene – When That Man Is Dead And Gone (Clip of Charles Lindbergh On US Non-Intervention) 1:41:58 Joshua White – Defense Factory Blues (Clip from 1941-06-16 BBC Winston Churchill – Broadcast To America) 1:44:46 The Ink Spots – I Don’t Want To Set The World On Fire (Clip from 1941-06-22 BBC Winston Churchill – Germany Invades Russia) 1:48:53 Una Mae Carlisle – Blitzkrieg Baby (You Can’t Bomb Me) (Clip of 1941-07-03 PCPT Josef Stalin Addresses Nation) 1:51:23 Sydney Errington, Melville Cook – Eccles Sonata In G Adagio (Clip of Dmitri Shostakovich – Radio Message Broadcast) (Clip from Soviet Forces in Action) (Clip from Dorothy Thompson Interview) 1:55:04 Wingie Manone & His Orchestra – Stop The War (The Cats Are Killin’ Themselves) (Clip from Dorothy Thompson Interview) 1:57:36 Noel Coward & Orchestra – London Pride (Clip from 1941-07-14 BBC Winston Churchill – Do Your Worst, We’ll Do Our Best)
2:01:01 Margaret Eaves With Joe Loss & His Orchestra – ”V” Stands For Victory 2:03:29 George Formby – Crazy Record (Part 1 & 2) 2:05:38 Peter Igelhoff Ensemble – Dieses Lied Hat Keinen Text (Vocal – Evelyn Künneke) (Clip from George Formby – Crazy Record) 2:07:14 Jetty Paerl – Het Is Koninginnedag 2:08:38 Jacques Gerlagh Combo – In The Mood (Guitar – Eddy Christiani) (Clip from 1941-07-14 BBC General DeGaulle Urges America To Join The Allies) 2:09:56 Jacques Pills – Avec Son Ukulele 2:12:28 Luiz Gonzaga – Vira E Mexe 2:15:20 Anjos Do Inferno – Por Que Será! 2:18:03 Carmen Miranda – Rebola A Bola 2:20:14 Francisco Alves – Canta Brasil 2:21:52 Herivelto Martins – Grande Otelo Praça Xi (Clip from Never Give A Sucker An Even Break) 2:23:38 Glenn Miller And His Orchestra – A String Of Pearls (Clip from The Maltese Falcon) 2:26:51 Tommy Dorsey (Vocal – Sinatra,Haines) – Oh! Look At Me Now (Clip from Ball of Fire) 2:29:08 Xavier Cugat – La Cucaracha
2:32:13 Carl Stalling – Stalling Self-Parody (Clip from Tea Making Tips) 2:32:50 Spike Jones – Red Wing (Clip from The Devil & Daniel Webster) 2:33:35 Fred Lowery – Indian Love Call 2:36:01 Sama No Hosomichi Etc. – Zuizui Zukkorobashi, Tenjin 2:37:49 Fats Waller – Chant Of The Groove (Clip from Ball of Fire) 2:45:29 Les Brown – Celery Stalks At Midnight (Vocal – Doris Day) 2:46:47 Count Basie – King Joe (Vocal – Paul Robeson) 2:50:06 Lena Horne – I Gotta Right To Sing The Blues (Clip from Major Barbara) 2:53:11 Dinah Shore – Mocking Bird Lament (Clip from Man Hunt) 2:55:22 Ella Fitzgerald – My Man (Mon Homme) (Clip from Citizen Kane) (Clip from 1941-08-29 BBC Winston Churchill – These Are Great Days) 2:58:39 Guangzhou Cantonese Opera Troupe – The Crow Flies Back To The Forest (Clip from Review of the Year 1941) (Clip from 1941-09-11 Lindbergh’s America First Committee Speech in Des Moines, Iowa) 2:59:47 Artie Shaw – Concerto For Clarinet (Part 2) (Clip from 1941-10-03 RRG Adolf Hitler – Speech On Finland) (Clip from Meet John Doe)
3:04:43 Xavier Cugat – Eco 3:06:19 Joseito Fernandez – Guantanamera (Clip from The Maltese Falcon) 3:09:23 Sugii Kōichi – Jipushī Tango (Clip from The Wolf Man) 3:11:06 Naftule Brandwein – Nifty’s Freilach (Clip from 1941-11-11 – BBC – German Attack On British Convoy) 3:14:01 Sidney Bechet – Egyptian Fantasy (Clip from 1941-11-07 BBC Winston Churchill – The Resolution Of The People) 3:15:44 Bert Ambrose – Oasis (Clip from Citizen Kane) 3:18:21 Benny Goodman – Good Enough To Keep 3:20:24 Jay Mcshann – Confessin’ The Blues (Clip from Meet John Doe) 3:23:13 Washboard Sam – Evil Blues (Clip from The Little Foxes) 3:26:10 Sister Rosetta Tharpe With Lucky Millinder & His Orchestra – Shout, Sister, Shout 3:28:50 Louis Jordan – Pine Top’s Boogie Woogie
3:31:43 Pete Johnson – Death Ray Boogie 3:34:38 Fats Waller – I Wanna Hear Swing Songs 3:35:34 Nat King Cole – I Like To Riff 3:38:19 Big Bill Broonzy – I Feel So Good (Clip from The Little Foxes) 3:40:32 Leadbelly – You Can’t Lose Me, Cholly (Clip from The Devil and Daniel Webster) 3:42:34 Adolph Hofner – Cotton-Eyed Joe 3:44:59 Johnny Lee Wills – Milk Cow Blues 3:47:47 The Almanac Singers – Song For Harry Bridges 3:49:52 Mills Brothers – Lazy River 3:52:30 Sons Of The Pioneers – Cool Water 3:53:26 Edmond Hall – Edmond Hall Blues 3:57:36 Donald Lambert – Elegie (Massenet) (Clip from Citizen Kane) 3:59:55 Django Reinhardt Et Le Quintette Du Hot Club De France – Dinette (Clip from The Little Foxes)
4:01:50 Artie Shaw And His Orchestra – Frenesi 4:03:06 Nat King Cole Trio – Hit The Ramp 4:06:17 Gus Viseur Et Son Orchestre – Swing 39 4:07:24 Sidney Bechet – 12th Street Rag 4:09:24 John Kirby And His Orchestra – St. Louis Blues 4:12:07 Glenn Miller – Chattanooga Choo Choo (Vocal – Modernaires) 4:15:30 Duke Ellington and his Orchestra – Soundtrack to Jam Session soundie 4:17:01 Festival Swing – Festival Swing 4:20:18 Roy Eldridge With The Gene Krupa Orchestra – After You’re Gone (Clip of Sergeant York) 4:23:00 Hans J. Salter & Frank Skinner – The Wolf Man 4:23:15 CBS / NBC / BBC – News Broadcasts from December 7th 1941 4:25:59 Franklin Delano Roosevelt – Day Of Infamy Speech 4:27:54 Various Speakers – Interviews With People in New York City The Day After Pearl Harbor (Clip of 1941-12-09 Adolf Hitler Declaration Of War Against USA) (Clip of 1941-12-28 – RSH Lord Haw Haw (Wm Joyce) Germany Calling Hello North America) 4:31:02 Joshua White – Uncle Sam Says (Clip of 1941-12-17 Japanese Victory Over Singapore) (Clip of 1941-12-16 Fibber McGee & Molly Fibber cuts Xmas Tree) 4:34:27 The Ink Spots – That’s When Your Heartaches Begin (Clip from How Green Was My Valley) 4:38:40 Rev. J.M. Gates – Gettin’ Ready For Christmas Day (Clip from 1941-12-31 Amos & Andy Christmas Eve) (Clip from 1941-12-24 BBC Winston Churchill – The White House Christmas Tree) 4:40:26 Tommy Dorsey, Frank Sinatra & Pied Pipers – Do I Worry? 4:43:13 Gene Krupa Chicagoans – Drumboogie (Clip from The Devil and Daniel Webster)
At Centuries of Sound I am making mixes for every year of recorded sound – I make these on my own, in my spare time. To support my work and help the show survive, please consider signing up at patreon.com/centuriesofsound where you can also get full show downloads and a host of other bonus stuff for just $5 per month. This show would not be possible without my supporters on there, so please consider signing up or sharing this with someone who may be interested.
At 7:48am on December 7th 1941, the US naval base at Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, Hawaii was attacked by 353 Japanese aircraft, launched from six aircraft carriers, precipitating the entrance of the United States into the Second World War.
Major news stories had been covered on the radio before, of course, and radio recordings had been made for more than a decade. Nevertheless, this is by far the most contemporary material available for a breaking news story. Edited down from nearly twenty hours of original recordings, this sound collage presents these events as they occurred from the perspective of a radio listener that day.
Generally I layer music over speech clips, but in this case I have included only music as it was broadcast on that day. The sound quality is therefore unavoidably a lot worse than you may be used to, and the audio is presented without a tracklist.
This episode was partially inspired by Awful Grace Podcast’s Again The Never Came, a sound collage from 9/11, an astonishing bit of audio which I would recommend, but with a warning that it includes phone calls from the Twin Towers, which frankly anyone will find distressing.
Another adventure into the history of recorded music with James Errington, this time joined by veteran BBC presenter & producer Tony Barnfield to listen to and talk about the sounds of 1908, right at the heart of the era when music hall and vaudeville dominated music on either side of the Atlantic.
Centuries of Sound is an independent podcast without any advertising, and it’s only with the support of my patrons that the show can survive. To download full mixes, get early access to the radio podcast, and a get host of other benefits for $5 (or local equivalent) per month (and yearly payment is also now available) please come to https://patreon.com/centuriesofsound
At Centuries of Sound I am making mixes for every year of recorded sound. The download here is only for two sections of the mix. For the full 4-hour version please come to centuriesofsound.com to stream, or patreon.com/centuriesofsound for downloads and a host of other bonus materials for just $5 per month. This show would not be possible without my supporters on there, so please consider signing up or sharing this with someone who may be interested.
This section of the mix is a sound collage of original broadcasts and recordings from 1940. The spoken word sections largely concern the war, the music is mainly stereo recordings made by Leopold Stokowski for the Disney movie Fantasia. This is a departure from the largely music-centric format you may be used to, I hope it is of interest.
This compilation of Christmas recordings spans the early years of electronic recording, the explosion of radio, sound films and newsreel, the end of the roaring thirties and the great depression.
I’m presenting this in two formats – a mix, which is on my main feed at centuriesofsound.com and as a compilation, which is only available to patrons. Join my patreon at patreon.com/centuriesofsound and get a load of bonus content like this, as well as helping this site to survive in these very difficult times.
Here is the tracklist, the same for both versions.
00:00 The Savoy Orpheans – Radio Christmas (1926) 03:33 Adolph Miles – Adeste Fideles (1926) 06:50 Chor Sw. Lucji – Pasterka (Wesola Nowine) (Christmas Eve At Church) (1927) 09:56 Richard Tauber – O Sanctissima (O Du Frohliche) (1929) 12:40 Andrej Pelak – Pospešte Sem Pastuškovia (Hasten, Shepherds) (1930) 15:48 Joe Gumin And His Orchestra – Jingle Bells (The One-Horse Open Sleigh) (1931) 19:00 Popeye The Sailor – Seasin’s Greetinks (1933) 19:13 Ozzie Nelson Orchestra – Christmas Night In Harlem (1934) 22:11 Laurel & Hardy – Clip From Babes In Toyland (1934) 22:21 Paul Whiteman Orchestra – Christmas Night In Harlem (1934) 25:43 Shirley Temple – Clip From Bright Eyes (1934) 26:45 Harry Reser And His Orchestra – Jingle Bells (1934) 29:18 Franklin Delano Roosevelt – White House Christmas Tree Lighting Clip (1935) 29:37 Bing Crosby With Victor Young And His Orchestra – Silent Night (1935) 32:35 Victor Novelty Orchestra – Christmas Eve (Fantasie) (1935) 35:38 British Movietone – Merry Christmas (1935) 36:13 The Chapel Quartet – Oh, Little Town Of Bethlehem (1936) 39:19 Hoosier Hot Shots – Jingle Bells (1936) 42:19 Edith Fellows & Jackie Moran – Clip From And So They Were Married (1936) 42:33 The Madrigal Sisters & Lehman Engel – Jingle Bells (1937) 44:15 Mae Questel (The Betty Boop Girl) – I Want You For Christmas (1937) 46:59 Michel Warlop – Christmas Swing (+ Django Reinhardt & Louis Vola) (27-12-1937) 49:46 Andy Hardy & Family – Christmas Greetings (1938) 51:10 Swing And Sway With Sammy Kaye – (Don’t Wait ’til) The Night Before Christmas (La Vispera De Navidad) (1938) 53:53 Reginald Owen – Clip From A Christmas Carol (1938) 54:33 Silly Symphonies – The Night Before Christmas (1933)
At Centuries of Sound I am making mixes for every year of recorded sound. The download here is only for the first hour of the mix. For the full 4-hour version please come to centuriesofsound.com to stream, or patreon.com/centuriesofsound for downloads and a host of other bonus materials for just $5 per month. This show would not be possible without my supporters on there, so please consider signing up or sharing this with someone who may be interested.
One of the reasons this project started was a musical vacuum. In 2012 I was living in a place where nobody cared much for music of any sort – at best it would be tolerated as a background noise, and generally being noticeable meant being “noisy” and I would be asked to turn it off, or usually not even asked. Soon the headphones were on every day, and sounds became something entirely personal and unsharable. The act of immersion is ultimately a personal one, there is nothing communal about it, so how then to evoke the experience of a single, very traumatic year with a collection of music which most people living through it would not have heard?
The best-selling hit songs of 1940 are not in this mix, either they were recorded in 1939 or they are altogether too lugubrious to be worthy of inclusion. Even if they were all here, the figures that loom largest here – Churchill, Hitler, FDR, Mussolini – would not have cared for them either, and it wouldn’t be until the 1960s that there would be a world leader who appeared to be in any way touch with popular culture (you may be surprised to hear his voice appear in this mix) – no, these people only listened to real music, that is “classical” music, and it was fitting therefore that the historical events caused by their actions (I mean, of course, The War) would be accompanied by wordless orchestral sounds. It is fortunate then that this is also the year Disney released Fantasia.
You most likely know Fantasia as a ground-breaking animated film, which is a fair description. From our point of view, however, it is more notable for its sound design, for which the word “revolutionary” seems entirely inadequate. Conductor Leopold Stokowski, already noted for his pioneering recording work, led the Philadelphia Orchestra at the Academy of Music Concert Hall in Philadelphia in performing a series of pieces. Thirty three microphones were placed around the orchestra, with eight optical recording machines recording. Six channels recorded different sections of the orchestra, while the seventh recorded a mixture of the first six, and the eighth captured the overall sound from a distance. The result is not just the first properly realised stereo recording, it is music recorded with a vibrancy which would genuinely not be equaled in decades. Cinemas were, of course, not ready for this sort of sound, and the film was only initially shown on a limited number of screens which could be properly adapted for the purpose. Wider distribution was hampered also by the running time (over two hours) and the impossibility of distributing anything in Europe in 1940. The result was a financial loss, and reruns were heavily edited, with a more easily usable, but much less special, mono soundtrack. So the astonishing sound we have here was heard by surprisingly few people.
As far as a comment upon the war goes, the violence of Stravinsky’s Rite of Spring fits better than any new music written in 1940, but this mix is not without contemporary musical comment on current – or at least recent – events. Most notably, this is the year Alan Lomax sat down with Woody Guthrie and had him expound at length about the horrors of the dust bowl. The resultant recordings formed the basis of his 1940 collection Dust Bowl Ballads, an evocation of a time and place of a sort we haven’t really had before. This is also the year of John Ford’s The Grapes of Wrath, Ed Murrow’s London After Dark and Hitchcock’s Rebecca, lending the mix an unvarnished cinéma vérité feel, from time to time. The War Effort and the artifice of propaganda, at least from an American perspective, would not begin until 1942, and we have other troubles in 1941.
And yes, there is also a lot going on in jazz and rhythm and blues this year, but let’s talk more about that next time.
0:00:00 Leopold Stokowski – Toccata And Fugue In D Minor (Clip of HG Wells interviewed by Orson Welles) (Clip from The Philadelpia Story) 0:01:06 Woody Herman – The Golden Wedding (Clip of Deems Taylor from Fantasia) (Clip from A Case of Spring Fever) (Clip of Roosevelt Speaking About Cancer Of Nazis And Aid To Britain) (Clip from Review of the Year 1940) 0:03:48 The Florida Kid – Hitler Blues (Clip of 1940-02-27 RSH Lord Haw Haw – British Minister Of Misinformation) 0:07:09 Duke Ellington & His Orchestra – Ko Ko (Clip from How To Improve Immigrants’ English) 0:09:50 Abibu Oluwa & His Group – Layiwola Akande (Clip from The Sea Hawk) 0:10:36 Jararaca E Ratinho – Sapo No Saco 0:12:45 Abbott & Costello – Who’s On First? 0:15:26 Earl Hines And His Orchestra – Boogie Woogie On St. Louis Blues (Clip from Pinocchio) 0:18:18 Fats Waller – Everybody Loves My Baby 0:21:02 Andrews Sisters – Beat Me Daddy Eight To The Bar (Clip from The Bank Dick) 0:22:52 Glenn Miller & His Orchestra – Pennsylvania 6-5000 (Clip from The Philadelpia Story) 0:26:13 Will Bradley Trio – Down The Road A Piece 0:29:20 Tommy Mcclennan – Whiskey Head Man 0:31:23 Meade Lux Lewis – Honky Tonk Train Blues (Clip from Strange Cargo) 0:35:34 Bukka White – Special Stream Line (Clip from The Grapes of Wrath) 0:40:04 Woody Guthrie – Lost Train Blues 0:42:23 Woody Guthrie – Breathing In Dust (Speech) 0:44:28 Woody Guthrie – Talkin’ Dust Bowl Blues 0:47:02 Woody Guthrie – The End of The World (Speech) 0:48:19 Woody Guthrie – Blowin’ Down This Road 0:51:19 Woody Guthrie – Migrants Arrive in California (Speech) 0:53:00 Woody Guthrie – Do Re Mi 0:56:00 Artie Shaw And His Orchestra – Special Delivery Stomp 0:58:38 Norman McLaren – Dots
(Clip from H.G. Wells and Orson Welles interview. Radio KTSA San Antonio on October 28, 1940) 1:00:04 Leopold Stokowski – Rite Of Spring (Clip – Wyndham Lewis – end of enemy interlude) (Clip from H.G. Wells and Orson Welles interview. Radio KTSA San Antonio on October 28, 1940) (Clip from Review of the Year 1940) (Clip of 1940-04-09 RSH Lord Haw Haw – Denmark & Norway Part 2) (Clip from A Case Of Spring Fever) (Clip from 1940-05-11 news) (Clip of Winston Churchill – Speech to Parliament 13 May 1940) (Clip of Winston Churchill – first radio address as prime minister – May 19, 1940) (Clip from Review of the Year 1940) (Clip from 1940-05-28 RSH Lord Haw Haw – Holland & Belgium Invaded) (Clip of Raymond Massey as Abe Lincoln in Illinois) (Clip from Review of the Year 1940) (Clip from 1940-06-03 News with Elmer Davis) (Clip of 1940-06-04 Winston Churchill – We Shall Never Surrender) 1:22:12 Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra – Die Götterdämmerung (Clip of 1940-06-10 Mussolini Speech) (Clip of Winston Churchill – Address to the nation on the RAF) 1:23:55 Emanuel Feuermann With The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Leopold Stokowski – Bloch’s Schelomo (Clip of 1940-06-20 News with Elmer Davis) (Clip of 1940-07-04 Arthur Mann) (Clip from Review of the Year 1940) (Clip of 1940-07-14 – BBC – Gardner Dogfight Over England) (Clip of BBC News plus actual air raid on London 1940) (Clip of 1940-08-20 Winston Churchill – House of Commons – The Few) (Clip of 1940-07-04 Arthur Mann) (Clip of Radio Broadcast, London After Dark – Aug 24, 1940) (Clip of Albert Einstein Interview) 1:42:22 Benny Goodman – Bela Bartok , Contrasts Iii – Sebes
(Clip from BBC – It’s That Man Again – Tommy Handley) 1:45:10 Flanagan & Allen – There’s A Boy Coming Home On Leave (Clip from My Favorite Wife) 1:47:53 Sam Castandet Et Son Orchestre Antillais – La Rue Zabyme (Clip of Jerry Siegel – Radio Interview) 1:50:41 Harry James & Orchestra – Flight Of The Bumble Bee 1:52:26 Django Reinhardt Et Le Quintette Du Hot Club De France – Rhythm Futur / Swing De Paris (Clip from The Bank Dick) 1:54:26 Sidney Bechet – Bechet’s Steady Rider 1:56:50 Sidney Bechet – Dear Old Southland (Clip of Abbott & Costello – Lion Hunting) 1:57:41 Benny Goodman Sextet – Sheik Of Araby (Clip of Abbott & Costello – Lion Hunting) 2:01:06 Onitsha Native Orchestra – Angelina 2:04:02 Southern Wonder Quartet – I Am A Pilgrim (Clip from The Letter) 2:06:12 Artie Shaw Orchestra – Gloomy Sunday (Clip from Rebecca) 2:10:24 Slavi Velev – Kitka Horo (Clip of F. Scott Fitzgerald reading Shakespeare) 2:12:06 Babaka – Na Dulga Sofra 2:14:53 Lil Green – Romance In The Dark (Clip from Suspense – The Lodger) 2:18:35 Louis Armstrong – You’ve Got Me Voodoo’d (Clip from The Letter) 2:21:40 Billie Holiday And Her Orchestra – The Man I Love (Clip from Primrose Path) 2:24:44 Ray Noble & His Orchestra – Harlem Nocturne (Clip from The Thief of Bagdad) 2:28:28 Fisk University Jubilee Singers – Blow, Gabriel, Blow 2:29:54 Ink Spots – Whispering Grass 2:32 Tommy Dorsey (Vocal – Frank Sinatra) – We Three (My Echo My Shadow And Me) 2:35:32 Edith Piaf – L’accordeoniste (Clip from How To Improve Immigrants’ English) 2:40:15 Quintette Du Hot Club De France Avec Alix Combelle – Les Yeux Noirs (Clip from How To Improve Immigrants’ English) 2:42:27 Big Joe – If You Take Me Back 2:44:19 Big Bill Broonzy – Midnight Steppers (Clip from Our Town) 2:46:03 Lead Belly – The Midnight Special 2:48:57 Tampa Red – It Hurts Me Too
2:50:07 Bob Wills & His Texas Playboys – Bob Wills Special 2:52:19 Jimmie Davis – You Are My Sunshine 2:54:05 Adolph Hofner & His Texans – Sam, The Old Accordion Man 2:56:40 Judy Garland & Mickey Rooney – Hollywood Christmas Parade 1940 2:58:08 Al Bowlly – Over The Rainbow 3:00:11 Geraldo (Vocal Dorothy Carless) – I Can’t Love You Any More (Than I Do) 3:02:16 Lionel Hampton – Flying Home (Clip from The Philadelphia Story) 3:05:32 Dinah Shore – Mood Indigo (Clip from The Long Voyage Home) 3:07:39 Roswell Sacred Harp Singers – White 3:08:48 The Carter Family – Black Jack David (Clip from Christmas in July) 3:10:30 Luís Americano – Tocando Pra Você 3:11:57 Carmen Miranda – Bruxinha De Pano (+ Almirante) 3:14:28 Los Cadetes Del Swing – Besame Mucho 3:16:39 杉井幸一 – 九連環 3:19:44 Gus Viseur & Son Orchestre – Rosetta 3:20:54 Django Reinhardt Et Le Quintette Du Hot Club De France – Cou-Cou (Clip from A Case of Spring Fever) 3:23:33 Hans Busch Orchester – Student Geht Vorbei 3:24:49 Ken Snakehips Johnson (Vocal – Al Bowlly) – It Was A Lover And His Lass 3:26:59 Jazz Gillum – Key To The Highway 3:28:26 Brownie Mcghee – Back Door Stranger (Clip from His Girl Friday) 3:29:59 Don Redman – Chant Of The Weed 3:32:47 Duke Ellington And His Orchestra – Cotton Tail 3:35:53 Ida Cox – You Got To Swing And Sway (Clip from All This, And Heaven Too) 3:36:48 Gamelan Musicians Of Yogyakarta, Java – Babarlajar Mataram 3:39:47 Kirishima Noboru & Kikuchi Akiko – Soshuu Yakyoku 3:43:00 Hot Lips Page, Herbie Fields, Donald Lambert et al. – I’m In The Mood For Love
(Clip from John F Kennedy’s First Recorded Interview – 1940 on KROC AM in Rochester, MN) 3:45:35 Leopold Stokowski – The Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a Arabian Dance (Clip from 1940-09-15 BBC 175 German Aircraft Destroyed) (Clip from 1940-09-20 CBS – European News) 3:38:34 Leigh Harline – Lesson In Lies (Clip from Santa Fe Trail) 3:50:12 Jascha Heifetz, Arturo Toscanini & Nbc Symphony Orchestra – Beethoven’s Violin Concerto In D Major, Op. 61 (Clip of 1940-10-05 BBC Robin Duff – in Air Raid Shelter) (Clip of 1940-10-13 BBC Princess Elizabeth & Margaret – Speak To Evacuated Children) (Clip of 1940-10-15 BBC – Blitz Emergency Services) (Clip from Do You Carry Your Gas Mask?) (Clip from Review of the Year 1940) 3:54:26 Leopold Stokowski – A Night On Bald Mountain (Clip from 1940-11-15 BBC – Coventry Loudspeaker Announcement) (Clip from 1940-11-15 BBC Very Reverend RT Howard – Coventry Cathedral Destroyed) (Clip from 1940-12-31 BBC Herbert Morrison – Minister For Home Security) (Clip from 1940-xx-xx BBC – Girl Tells Of Bomb Shelters) (Clip from 1940-12-20 BBC Robin Duff – Sees London Burning) 4:01:35 Beniamino Gigli – Mascagni Cavalleria Rusticana Siciliana (Clip from Mr Joseph P Kennedy Says Au Revior) (Clip from Roosevelt Speaking About Cancer Of Nazis And Aid To Britain) (Clip from Siege!) 4:04:23 Leigh Harline – Desolation Theme (Clip from Santa Fe Trail) (Clip from Tacoma Narrows Bridge Collapse Newsreel) (Clip from Foreign Correspondent) 4:07:22 Ink Spots – Do I Worry? (Clip from They Drive By Night) 4:10:15 Charlie Chaplin – Speech from The Great Dictator 4:13:36 Leopold Stokowski – Toccata And Fugue In D Minor (Clip from Princesses Elizabeth & Margaret Address the Children of Britain)
At Centuries of Sound I am making mixes for every year of recorded sound. This is one of the four hours in the full version of Centuries of Sound 1939 To get the whole mix as a podcast, and a load of other extras, sign up for five dollars per month at http://patreon.com/centuriesofsound
Audio historian DJ James Errington takes you on another time travel adventure, this time to hear some original sounds from 1907, including some wonderful stuff from Enrico Caruso, a few original vaudeville routines and some very premature Christmas cheer.
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At Centuries of Sound I am making mixes for every year of recorded sound. The download here is only for the first hour of the mix. For the full 4.5-hour version please come to centuriesofsound.com to stream, or patreon.com/centuriesofsound for downloads and a host of other bonus materials for just $5 per month. This show would not be possible without my supporters on there, so please consider signing up or sharing this with someone who may be interested.
A decade ago, researching another project, I found myself listening to oral histories of the second world war, interviews with people who were children during The Blitz. Their memories, surprisingly, included admissions that they had found the experience to be an exciting one, playing in a semi-ruined, semi-abandoned city. This was the inspiration for a novel (which I think will never be ready for release, no great loss there) – but is it useful as a picture to paint of the time? It challenges a popular perspective, but does it just do this by introducing another, equally unbalanced one?
British culture is awash with unreal memory of the second world war. Popular entertainment of the time has already been forgotten – for those who were born in the decades to follow, the stiffness, forced jollity and now-obscure references make it hard to connect with Arthur Askey or Tommy Handley – but the “blitz spirit,” the never-issued “keep calm and carry on” poster and a whole industry of Hitler-based comedy remain cultural touchstones. It’s in this spirit that nostalgic collages of the time are assembled – plucky Londoners going about their business cut to the post-war orchestral recording of Vera Lynn singing “We’ll Meet Again” This recording seems to hold much less in the way of restless ghosts than the contemporary version with Vera backed by Arthur Young on the Novachord (one of the world’s first synthesisers) – but the goal of nostalgia is always to comfort.
Perhaps the best way to address this time is by starting in the manner of the documentary series The World At War (still close to definitive nearly 50 years after its release) which opens with a deadpan monotone describing the arbitrary massacre and destruction of an entire village. It’s an act of genuine courage to present some of the worst horrors immediately, challenging the viewers to only keep watching if they are ready for more of this – no glory or heroism, no warm glow, just unspeakable horror, and only an ambiguous way for the horror to be eventually stopped.
I am – thankfully! – not making a documentary about the second world war, but, all the same, the idea of a sound collage of 1939 leaving it out entirely is a ridiculous one. If I layer pop songs of the time behind news clips, then all I am doing is dulling them of all meaning, folding them into this insulting nostalgic view. Equally, if I put stirring, positive music behind political speeches, is that not a tacit endorsement for their place in history? Is it my place to present Churchill, for example, as a hero? And yet I cannot steer clear of manipulation entirely. For the most part I have tried to give news reports and speeches space to breathe, using classical recordings which are less time-bound than pop or jazz, but when I needed to adopt a palette, the flavours were sadness and hope.
But I’m afraid I’ve been leading you down the garden path a little here. This is a four and a half hour long mix (!) and the second world war doesn’t really make an appearance until the last hour. While Europe and East Asia spent the year either at war or in anticipation of war, for the rest of the world, other things were on the agenda. This is the year that swing starts to really split – the smoother styles, more acceptable by white society, were becoming codified in the “Big Bands” of Glenn Miller, Harry James and Tommy Dorsey. Band leaders like Louis Jordan and instrumentalists like Pete Johnson were taking inspiration from blues to create an upbeat kind of stripped-down jazz, which would soon be labelled “rhythm & blues”, “jump blues” and eventually “rock & roll”. Then there were the swing pioneers, looking to break down ideas about rhythm and melody, big names like Lionel Hampton and Duke Ellington who were kicking off what would soon become “Bebop”. It’s a genuinely exciting time for music, and three and a half hours seemed, if anything, not enough to give a real feel of all these ideas in the air.
Of all the recordings featured here, however, the two most notable fit neither into the war, nor the developments in swing. Solomon Linda & The Evening Birds improvised “Mbube” in the only recording studio in Sub-Saharan Africa one day in 1939 – while the song is best-known these days for its adaptation “The Lion Sleeps Tonight”, this belies its importance for generations of African musicians. Then there is Billie Holiday’s recording of “Strange Fruit” – the only pre-50s recording in Rolling Stone’s new top 500 tracks of all time. It’s more than I can do to write about it, and even mixing it seemed crude and insulting, instead it sits on its own at the heart of this mix.
0:00:00 Victor Young – Prelude (Clip from BBC Winston Churchill – Ten Weeks Of War) (Clip from The Voder – Homer Dudley Bell Labs) 0:00:38 Harry James – Here Comes The Night (Clip from 1939-09-03 BBC Places Of Entertainment To Be Closed) 0:01:32 Solomon Linda & The Evening Birds – Mbube (Clip from Review of the Year 1939) 0:04:33 Betty Hutton – Ol’ Man Mose (Clip from Gone With The Wind) 0:07:16 Glenn Miller – In The Mood 0:10:49 Al Donahue – In The Mood (Paula Kelly, Vocal) (Clip from Ninotchka) 0:11:31 Carmen Miranda – Mama Eu Quero 0:13:27 Fats Waller – Ain’t Misbehavin’ (Clip from The Women) 0:17:24 Art Tatum – Tea For Two (Clip from Gone With The Wind) 0:19:54 Lionel Hampton – Central Avenue Breakdown (Clip from Young Mr Lincoln) 0:23:01 Pete Johnson – Let ’em Jump (Clip from Review of the Year 1939) 0:26:31 Billie Holiday – Some Other Spring (Clip from 1939-03-08 BBC Gas Mask Drill) (Clip from A.R.P. – Gas All Clear (Handbells)) 0:29:40 Willie ‘The Lion’ Smith – Echoes Of Spring (Clip from 1939-03-15 BBC Chamberlain After Czech Invasion)
0:32:07 Duke Ellington – Sergeant Was Shy (Clip from Only Angels Have Wings) 0:34:47 Xavier Cugat – One Two Three Kick Conga (Clip from Ninotchka) 0:36:24 The Manhattan Brothers – Thaba Tseu (Clip from Gone With The Wind) 0:39:12 Raymond Scott – Oil Gusher (Clip from Bachelor Mother) (Clip from Review of the Year 1939) (Clip from The Cup Final 1939) 0:41:24 Benny Goodman Sextet – Flyin’ Home 0:44:35 Bob Wills & His Texas Playboys – Ida Red 0:46:52 The Carter Family – Hello Stranger (Clip from The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes) 0:48:59 Grigoraș Dinicu – Hora Lui Ion Dinicu Și Sârbă Lui Tanţi (Clip from General Franco in Barcelona) 0:50:09 Sexteto Flores – Un Besito No Mas (Clip from Hollywood Hobbies) 0:53:31 Artie Shaw – Begin The Beguine (Clip from Philo T Farnsworth – The Birth of Television) 0:55:27 Carl Stalling – Good Egg (Clip from Beau Geste) 0:55:53 Hoosier Hot Shots – Like A Monkey Likes Cocoanuts (Clip from Dodge City) 0:57:50 Cats And The Fiddle – I Miss You So (Clip from La Règle du Jeu)
1:00:22 Charles Trenet – Mam’zelle Clioénilmontant (Clip from Le Jour se lève) 1:03:51 Georgius – Sur La Route De Pen-Zac (Clip from La Règle du Jeu) 1:05:31 Django Reinhardt Et Le Quintette Du Hot Club De France, Avec Stéphane Grappelli – Younger Generation (Clip from The Voder – Homer Dudley Bell Labs) 1:07:59 Gus Viseur – Swing 39 (Clip from Lou Gehrig – Farewell To Baseball) 1:10:43 John Kirby – Effervescent Blues 1:12:29 Andy Kirk – Twinklin’ (Clip of Dr James Naismith – Creator Of Basketball In Rare Interview) (Clip from Eve Ad 2000) (Clip from Blondie Dagwood – Dagwoods New Suit) 1:15:60 Count Basie Orchestra – You Can Depend On Me (Clip from Blondie Dagwood – Dagwoods New Suit) 1:19:14 Bud Freeman – The Eel 1:20:39 Lead Belly – Poor Howard / Green Corn (Clip from Drums Along the Mohawk) (Clip from Goodbye Mr Chips) 1:23:45 Ari Barroso, Lamartine Babo – No Rancho Fundo (Clip from Judy Garland and Mickey Rooney – 1939 newsreel footage) 1:25:47 King Radio – It’s The Rhythm We Want (Clip from Midnight) 1:28:28 Ink Spots – If I Didn’t Care (Clip from Confessions of a Nazi Spy)
1:32:08 Lagos Mozart Orchestra – Esan Inyong Ikide (Clip from Review of the Year 1939) 1:34:07 Flanagan & Allen – Nice People (Clip of WC Fields in You Can’t Cheat An Honest Man) 1:35:56 杉井幸一 – おけさ節 (Clip from Son of Frankenstein Trailer) 1:37:23 Carl Stalling – Rubber Dog 1:37:39 Judy Garland – The Jitterbug (Clip from Blondie Dagwood – Dagwood’s New Suit) 1:39:03 Raymond Scott – Bumpy Weather Over Newark (Clip from Bachelor Mother) (Clip from The Voder – Homer Dudley Bell Labs) (Clip from Breakfast Pals) 1:40:07 Ramblers – Drie Kleine Vischjes (Vocal – Wim Poppink) 1:41:02 Kay Kyser – Three Little Fishies (Clip from Hollywood Hobbies) 1:42:42 Louis Armstrong – Jeepers Creepers (Clip of James Hilton discussing his Goodbye Mr Chips – CBS Radio Interview) 1:44:45 Patricia Rossborough – Sunrise Serenade 1:46:09 Thaton Ba Hein – Taw Hnit Taung Swe (Clip from Intermezzo) 1:48:08 Sukru Tunar – Cifte Telli (Clip from Ninotchka) 1:51:08 Joe Turner & Pete Johnson – Roll ’em Pete 1:52:55 Sonny Boy Williamson – Good Gravy (Clip from Midnight) 1:54:31 Louis Jordan And His Tympany Five – Keep A-Knockin’ (But You Can’t Come In) (Clip from Gone With The Wind) 1:56:20 Lionel Hampton And His Orchestra – Denison Swing (Clip from Stagecoach) 1:59:36 Gene Autry – Back In The Saddle Again (Clip from Drums Along the Mohawk)
2:01:42 Ida Cox – Death Letter Blues (Clip of Lincoln’s cross examination from Young Mr Lincoln) 2:03:21 Jelly Roll Morton – Oh Didn’t He Ramble (+ Sidney Bechet) 2:06:10 Sister Rosetta Tharpe – This Train (Clip from In Name Only) 2:08:45 Mills Brothers – Georgia On My Mind (Clip from Destry Rides Again) 2:11:38 Sidney Bechet Quintet – Summertime 2:15:26 Billie Holiday – Strange Fruit 2:18:47 Perihan Altindag And Rakim Elkutlu – Ne Bahar Kaldi Ne Gul 2:20:43 Hanende Agyazar Efendi – Kessik Kerem 2:22:05 Tommy Dorsey – Dawn On The Desert (Clip from Philo T Farnsworth – The Birth of Television) (Clip from Ninotchka) (Clip from The Man In The Iron Mask) (Clip from Mr Smith Goes to Washington) 2:24:35 Johnny Hodges (Ellington) – Dooji Wooji (Clip from Only Angels Have Wings) 2:27:17 Coleman Hawkins – Body And Soul
2:30:14 Larry Clinton; Bea Wain – Deep Purple (Clip from Gone with the Wind) 2:32:30 Chick Webb – Undecided (Clip from Swing Dance In Secret) 2:35:46 Coleman Hawkins – Fine Dinner (Clip from Midnight) 2:38:15 Carmen Miranda – South American Way 2:40:02 Dorival Caymmi – O Que É Que A Baiana Tem 2:43:00 Francisco Alves – Aquarela Do Brasil 2:44:59 The Growler – Trinidad Loves To Play Carnival (Clip from Rules of the Game) 2:47:33 The Atilla – La Reine Maribone 2:49:26 Cab Calloway & His Orchestra – The Jumping Jive (Clip from Ninotchka) 2:51:36 Bram Martin – Chopsticks (Vocal – Bob Howard) (Clip from The Women) 2:52:38 Slim Gaillard – Matzoh Balls 2:54:45 George Formby – Sweet Sue, Just You 2:56:06 Arthur Askey – The Worm 2:58:11 Flanagan & Allen – Run, Rabbit, Run
3:00:53 Johnny & Jones – We Hoeven Niet Te Hamsteren 3:02:48 Andrews Sisters – Beer Barrel Polka (Clip from The Voder – Homer Dudley Bell Labs) 3:05:05 Pyi Hla Pe – Shwe-Tanga 3:07:54 Will Bradley Trio – Down The Road A Piece (Clip from Lou Gehrigs 1939 Radio Interview While at the Mayo Clinic on 1340 KROC AM) 3:10:57 Fats Waller – Your Feet’s Too Big 3:13:59 Rex Stewart (Ellington) – Fat Stuff Serenade (Clip from Machine Made Voices) 3:15:52 See There Singing Band Kumasi – Anoma Oreko 3:17:52 Be Sackey’s Band Of Appam – Nkyrinna 3:18:41 Kpagon Band Accra – Ba Wo Ni Aya Ye 3:20:43 Lead Belly – Fannin Street 3:22:25 Pete Johnson – Barrelhouse Breakdown (Clip from The Hunchback of Notre Dame) 3:24:00 Andy Kirk And His Twelve Clouds Of Joy – Floyd’s Guitar Blues 3:27:05 Edward Heyman & The Les Paul Trio – Out Of Nowhere 3:29:56 Stéphane Grapelli – Baby
3:32:36 Glenn Miller – Moonlight Serenade (Clip from Of Mice and Men) (Clip from Goodbye Mr Chips) 3:37:09 Debutantes & MGM Studio Orchestra – Optimistic Voices (Clip from Review of the Year 1939) 3:38:02 MGM Studio Orchestra- March Of The Winkies (Clip from 1939-08-27 BBC Czech Ambassador In London On Poland Situation) 3:39:08 Toscanini, NBC Orchestra – Beethoven 3 Symph. Funeral March (Clip from 1939-08-28 – CBS Coverage on the Eve of WWII) (Clip from Review of the Year 1939) (Clip from 1939-08-31 BBC Alvar Liddell Reports On German 16 Point Plan) (Clip from Review of the Year 1939) (Clip from 1939-09-01 State Of Armed Conflict With Poland) (Clip from Review of the Year 1939) 3:42:40 Pablo Casals – Bach No. 5 In C Minor – I- Prelude (Adagio – Allegro Moderato) (Clip from 1939-09-01 BBC Alvar Liddell Reports The Invasion Of Poland) (Clip from 1939-09-01 BBC Ignace Paderewski On The War Looming Before Poland) (Clip from Review of the Year 1939) (Clip from 1939-09-03 BBC Britain Declares War On Germany) (Clip from 1939-09-03 BBC Prime Minister Chamberlain Declares War On Germany) 3:46:24 Max Steiner – The Death Of Melanie (Clip from 1939-09-03 BBC King George VI Addresses The Nation) (Clip from 1939-09-03 BBC Places Of Entertainment To Be Closed) 3:50:30 Toscanini, NBC Orchestra – Beethoven 3 Symph. Funeral March (Clip from Review of the Year 1939) 3:53:05 Django Reinhardt – Echoes Of Spain (Clip from 1939-09-01 BBC Alvar Liddell Reports On Evacuation Of Children) (Clip from 1939-09-01 BBC S J de Lotbiniére Reports Further On Evacuation) (Clip from 1939-09-01 BBC S J de Lotbiniére Reports Train Now Leaving) 3:54:22 Bert Ambrose – Nasty Uncle Adolf (Vocal – Jack Cooper) (Clip from 1939-09-10 BBC Evacuee Message To Parents) 3:56:50 Judy Garland – Over The Rainbow (Clip from 1939-10-13 BBC Children’s Hour Broadcast By Princess Elizabeth)
4:00:04 Art Tatum – Over The Rainbow 4:00:27 MGM Studio Orchestra – Terrified Lion (Clip from Adolf Hitler – Speech – 1939-09-22 – Poland and it’s imminent defeat) 4:01:01 Max Steiner – Soldiers In Retreat (Clip from Review of the Year 1939) 4:02:20 Toscanini, NBC Orchestra – Beethoven 3 Symph. Funeral March (Clip from Review of the Year 1939) 4:03:17 Pablo Casals – Bach No. 4 In E Flat – I- Prelude (Allegro Maestoso) (Clip from 1939-10-01 BBC Winston Churchill – The First Month of the War) 4:05:27 Golden Eagle Gospel Singers – A Warrior On The Battlefield 4:08:02 Golden Gate Jubilee Quartet – Precious Lord 4:10:33 Roland Hayes – ‘Roun’ ‘Bout De Mountain 4:11:59 Duke Ellington – Informal Blues (Clip from 1939-10-15 (BBC Richard Dimbleby) By a French Road) 4:14:21 Art Tatum – Deep Purple (Clip from 1939-11-11 BBC Queen Elizabeth – Fortitude Of Women) 4:17:35 John Kirby – Dawn On The Desert 4:20:21 Django Reinhardt – Echoes Of Spain (Clip from Review of the Year 1939) 4:21:39 Victor Young – The Scroll And The Storm (Clip from 1939-12-18 BBC Winston Churchill – The Sinking Of The Graf Spee) (Clip from HM King George VI – The Royal Christmas Message of 1939) 4:23:58 Lale Andersen – Lili Marlen (Clip from HM King George VI – The Royal Christmas Message of 1939) 4:27:39 Vera Lynn – We’ll Meet Again (Novachord – Arthur Young) (Clip from The Roaring Twenties)