Elsewhere in 1923

January 1–7 – In a violent, racially motivated attack, at least 8 people are killed, and the town of Rosewood, Florida is abandoned and destroyed.

January 1–7 – In a violent, racially motivated attack, at least 8 people are killed, and the town of Rosewood, Florida is abandoned and destroyed.

January 9 – Lithuania begins the Klaipėda Revolt, to annex the Klaipėda Region (Memel Territory).

January 9 – Lithuania begins the Klaipėda Revolt, to annex the Klaipėda Region (Memel Territory).

Ruhrbesetzung

January 11 – Despite strong British protests, troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area, to force Germany to make reparations payments.

January 17 – Juan de la Cierva invents the autogyro, a rotary-winged aircraft with an unpowered rotor.

January 17 – Juan de la Cierva invents the autogyro, a rotary-winged aircraft with an unpowered rotor.

March 3 – The first issue of Time Magazine is published. Retired U.S. Speaker of the House Joseph G. Cannon appears on the cover.

March 3 – The first issue of Time Magazine is published. Retired U.S. Speaker of the House Joseph G. Cannon appears on the cover.

March 9 – Vladimir Lenin suffers his third stroke, which renders him bedridden and unable to speak. Consequently he retires from his position as Chairman of the Soviet government.

March 9 – Vladimir Lenin suffers his third stroke, which renders him bedridden and unable to speak. Consequently he retires from his position as Chairman of the Soviet government.

April 18 - Yankee Stadium opens its doors, as the home park of the New York Yankees baseball team.

April 18 – Yankee Stadium opens its doors, as the home park of the New York Yankees baseball team.

April 26 – Prince Albert, Duke of York (later George VI) marries Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (later Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother) in Westminster Abbey.

April 26 – Prince Albert, Duke of York (later George VI) marries Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (later Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother) in Westminster Abbey.

April 28 – The original Wembley Stadium opens its doors for the first time to the British public, staging the FA Cup Final between Bolton Wanderers and West Ham United.

April 28 – The original Wembley Stadium opens its doors for the first time to the British public, staging the FA Cup Final between Bolton Wanderers and West Ham United.

The Rt Hon Andrew Bonar Law (died October 1923) Conservative Party Prime Minister From 23 October 1922 Until 22 May 1923. Bonar (centre) Is Pictured Leaving The Quai D'orsay Paris France With Sir Philip Lloyd-graeme President Of The Board Of Trade (

May 20 – British Prime Minister Bonar Law resigns, due to ill health. He dies in October.

May 23 - Stanley Baldwin is appointed British Prime Minister.

May 23 – Stanley Baldwin is appointed British Prime Minister.

May 26 – The first 24 Hours of Le Mans motor race is held, and is won by André Lagache and René Léonard.

May 26 – The first 24 Hours of Le Mans motor race is held, and is won by André Lagache and René Léonard.

June 9 – A military coup in Bulgaria ousts prime minister Aleksandar Stamboliyski (he is killed June 14th)

June 9 – A military coup in Bulgaria ousts prime minister Aleksandar Stamboliyski (he is killed June 14th)

June 13 – President Li Yuanhong of China abandons his residence, because a warlord has commanded forces to surround the mansion and cut off its water and electric supplies.

June 13 – President Li Yuanhong of China abandons his residence, because a warlord has commanded forces to surround the mansion and cut off its water and electric supplies.

June 18 – Mount Etna erupts in Italy, making 60,000 homeless.

June 18 – Mount Etna erupts in Italy, making 60,000 homeless.

July 13 - The Hollywood Sign is inaugurated in California (originally reading Hollywoodland)

July 13 – The Hollywood Sign is inaugurated in California (originally reading Hollywoodland)

July 20 – Pancho Villa is assassinated at Hidalgo del Parral, Chihuahua.

July 20 – Pancho Villa is assassinated at Hidalgo del Parral, Chihuahua.

July 24 – The Treaty of Lausanne (1923), settling the boundaries of the modern Republic of Turkey, is signed in Switzerland, bringing an end to the Ottoman Empire after 624 years.

July 24 – The Treaty of Lausanne (1923), settling the boundaries of the modern Republic of Turkey, is signed in Switzerland, bringing an end to the Ottoman Empire after 624 years.

August 2 – President Warren G. Harding dies of a heart attack, and is succeeded by Vice President Calvin Coolidge, who becomes the 30th President of the United States.

August 2 – President Warren G. Harding dies of a heart attack, and is succeeded by Vice President Calvin Coolidge, who becomes the 30th President of the United States.

September 1 – The Great Kantō earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama, killing an estimated 142,807 people

September 1 – The Great Kantō earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama, killing an estimated 142,807 people

Madrid, Machtantritt von Primo de Revera

September 13 – Miguel Primo de Rivera siezes power in a military coup in Spain, setting up a dictatorship.

September 17 – A major fire in Berkeley, California, erupts, consuming some 640 structures, including 584 homes in the densely built neighborhoods north of the campus of the University of California.

September 17 – A major fire in Berkeley, California, erupts, consuming some 640 structures, including 584 homes in the densely built neighborhoods north of the campus of the University of California.

October 29 – Turkey becomes a republic, following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire; Kemal Atatürk is elected as first president.

October 29 – Turkey becomes a republic, following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire; Kemal Atatürk is elected as first president.

Hitler-Putsch, München, Marienplatz

November 8 – In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the Bavarian government. Police and troops crush the attempt the next day.

Berlin, Reichsbank, Geldauflieferungsstelle

November 15 – Hyperinflation in Germany reaches its height. One US dollar is now worth 4,200,000,000,000 Papiermark. Chancellor Gustav Stresemann abolishes the old currency and replaces it with the Rentenmark.

December 1 – In Italy, the Gleno Dam on the Gleno River, in the Valle di Scalve in the northern province of Bergamo bursts, killing at least 356 people.

December 1 – In Italy, the Gleno Dam on the Gleno River, in the Valle di Scalve in the northern province of Bergamo bursts, killing at least 356 people.

December 21 – The Nepal–Britain Treaty is the first to define the international status of Nepal, as an independent sovereign country.

December 21 – The Nepal–Britain Treaty is the first to define the international status of Nepal, as an independent sovereign country.

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