Elsewhere in 1930

February 10 – The Việt Nam Quốc Dân Đảng launch the Yên Bái mutiny in the hope of ending French colonial rule in Vietnam.
February 18 – While studying photographs taken in January, Clyde Tombaugh confirms the existence of Pluto
March 5 – Danish painter Einar Wegener begins sex reassignment surgery in Germany, and takes the name Lili Elbe.
March 6 – The first frozen foods of Clarence Birdseye go on sale in Springfield, Massachusetts.
March 12 – Mahatma Gandhi sets off on a 200-mile protest march towards the sea with 78 followers, to protest the British monopoly on salt
March 29 – Heinrich Brüning is appointed Chancellor of Germany
March 31 – The Motion Picture Production Code (Hays Code) is instituted in the United States, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in films for the next 40 years.
April 5 – Mahatma Gandhi breaks the Salt laws of British India, by making salt by the sea at the end of the Salt March
April 6 – Hostess Twinkies are invented.
April 18 – The Chittagong Rebellion begins in India, with the Chittagong armoury raid.
April 21 – A fire in the Ohio Penitentiary in Columbus kills 320 people.
May 6 – The Salmas earthquake shakes northwestern Iran and southeastern Turkey, up to 3,000 people are killed.
May 15 – Nurse Ellen Church becomes the world’s first flight attendant, working on a Boeing Air Transport trimotor.
May 17 – French Prime Minister André Tardieu decides to withdraw the remaining French troops from the Rhineland.
May 24 – Amy Johnson lands in Darwin, Australia, becoming the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia
July 13 – The first FIFA World Cup starts – Lucien Laurent scores the first goal, for France against Mexico.
July 28 – R. B. Bennett defeats William Lyon Mackenzie King in federal elections, and becomes the Prime Minister of Canada.
July 30 – Uruguay beats Argentina 4–2, to win the first Association football FIFA World Cup final at Estadio Centenario, in Montevideo.
August 6 – Judge Joseph Force Crater disappears in New York City.
August 7 – Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith are lynched in Marion, Indiana – the photograph of this event will inspire the song Strange Fruit
August 9 – Cartoon character Betty Boop appears for the first time on screen, in the animated film Dizzy Dishes.
September 3 – A huge hurricane in the Caribbean demolishes most of the city of Santo Domingo, in the Dominican Republic.
September 6 – José Félix Uriburu carries out a military coup, overthrowing Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina.
September 8 – Scotch Tape, invented by Richard Gurley Drew, is sold by the 3M company in the United States for the first time.
September 17 – The Kurdish Ararat rebellion is suppressed by the Turks.
October 5 – British airship R101 crashes in France en route to India, on its maiden long-range flight, resulting in the loss of 48 lives.
November 3 – Getúlio Vargas becomes president of Brazil.
December 2 – President Herbert Hoover goes before the United States Congress to ask for a $150 million public works program, to help create jobs and to stimulate the American economy.
December 19 – Mount Merapi volcano in central Java, Indonesia, erupts, destroying numerous villages and killing 1,300 people.
December 29 – Sir Muhammad Iqbal’s presidential address in Allahabad introduces the two-nation theory, outlining a vision for the creation of Pakistan.

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